Holocaust or Hoax?
by Jürgen Graf
THE OTHER "EXTERMINATION CAMPS"
After disposing of the core of the Holocaust lie -- the Auschwitz lie -- we can deal with the other five "extermination camps". Not so much has been written about them, so a considerably shorter discussion will suffice.
Majdanek, according to most Holocaust historians, was a combination work and extermination camp, and to this extent comparable to Auschwitz. By contrast, Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka and Belzec are all alleged to have been pure "death factories". These camps are supposed to have been dismantled by the Germans without a trace, even before the end of the war, and all evidence destroyed. This is supposed to be why there are documents: the Germans destroyed them!
Let us run through the list very briefly.
Majdanek, a large work camp, lay immediately on the edge of the city of Lublin, after which it was named; the name "Majdanek" was initially used only by the Poles.
The figures of murdered Jews quoted for Majdanek fluctuate between 50,000 and 1.38 million (1). A few Holocaust writers, for example, Gerald Reitlinger (2) and Wolfgang Benz (3) do not even consider it an extermination camp. In fact, the gas chambers there are only defended in a lukewarm manner. That the premises still shown to tourists as "gas chambers" today were nothing of the kind, has been irrefutably shown by Germar Rudolf (4). The camp is really not worth wasting much of our time.
At Chelmno, in western Poland, 1.35 million Jews are supposed to have been murdered, according to the Jewish Year book (volume 47, p. 398); 400,000 according to Claude Lanzmann (5); 300,000 according to Wolfgang Scheffler (6); 150,000 according to Raul Hilberg (7). That none of the authors makes even the slightest attempt to prove the figures cited, is quite normal practice.
In Chelmno, the murders are supposed to have been carried out exclusively by means of "gas vans". The whole extermination camp stands and falls with the existence or non-existence of the gas vans. The evidence for their existence will be discussed in the next chapter.
Sobibor is mentioned in a short exchange of correspondence between Heinrich Himmler and the Inspector of Concentration Camps, Richard Gluecks from 1943. Gluecks suggested converting Sobibor into a "concentration camp". Himmler rejected this suggestion on 5 July 1943 (8). So what kind of camp was it? The exterminationists say it was an extermination camp. The number of victims is generally estimated at 200,000 to 250,000 victims. With regards to the murder weapon, it took decades for the ruling cliques in the world to decide which one it was. One of the eyewitnesses, a Soviet Jew named Alexander Pechersky, described the mass murders as follows (9):
"At first glance, as one entered, it like a normal shower: hot and cold taps for running water, wash basins... as soon as everyone was inside, the doors slammed shut with a loud noise. Out of holes in the ceiling, a heavy, blackish substance poured down in spiral shapes..."
To drown out the pitiful cries of the victims, the Germans at Sobibor kept a flock of geese [!] which were made to quack (or whatever noise it is that is made by geese), very loudly, whenever the blackish substance was introduced (10). Historians were not too hot on this version, so they soon changed it into a gas chamber yarn. According to Poliakov, the murder weapon was a Diesel motor (11); Hilberg replaced the Diesel motor with a gasoline motor (12); the Enzyklopaedie des Holocaust finally put an end to the debate by declaring that the murder weapon was a Diesel motor, and that settles it (13).
Sobibor and Chelmno play quite a subordinate role in Holocaust propaganda. The names are often unknown, even to people familiar with contemporary history.
600,000 Jews are supposed to have been murdered in Belzec between March and December 1942. According to which "historian" you read, between one and five Jews survived the camp (14), so that the monstrous Nazi machine proved itself especially efficient at Belzec. Star witness for the mass murders at Belzec is naturally Kurt Gerstein, who, it will be remembered, reported 20 - 25 million gassing victims, 35 - 40 m high piles of shoes and underwear, and 28 - 32 gas chamber inmates per square metre. Apart from Gerstein, there is only one "witness" to the gas chamber, a Polish Jew named Rudolf Reder, who is supposed to be one of the one to five survivors of the camp. Reder, however, spoke of three million gassing victims at Belzec (15).
For decades, the murder weapon at Belzec was supposed to have been a Diesel motor. During the initial development phase of the Holocaust yarn, nevertheless, all sorts of imaginable variants on this tale were current, ranging from Dr. Stefan Szende's submergible platforms to Jan Karski's quicklime cars, and even an electrical oven mentioned by Abraham Silberschein (16). All these tales have since disappeared into the rubbish bin of history.
For the largest of the "pure extermination camps", the exterminationists throw numbers around ranging from 750,000 to 3,000,000. At the Jerusalem trial of John Demjanjuk (17), there was talk of 875,000.
According to the classic book Die Hoelle von Treblinka by the Soviet Jew Vassily Grossman (18), the following methods of murder were used:
- suffocation of the victims by pumping air out of the death chambers. This technically quite impossible horror story -- the chambers would have collapsed due to the underpressure -- immediately disappeared from the arsenal of the Holocaust propagandists;
- baking the victims with hot steam. This variant was decided upon by the Nuremberg tribunal on 14 December 1945 (Nuremberg Document PS-3311);
- killing them with Diesel exhaust gas. This variant pushed the others off the stage of history. In February 1946, a Jew named Samuel Rajzman testified at Nuremberg that, in Treblinka, there were three, later, however, another ten additional gas chambers (Nuremberg trial transcript IMT VIII p. 361, German text). Since then, the exterminationists no longer wish to hear anything about the "steam chambers" (also described at Nuremberg three months earlier), or the air-pumping vacuum chambers, or the chlorine executions and assembly line shootings at Treblinka, of which there was some talk for a while (19).
As at Chelmno, Sobibor and Belzec, the bodies at Treblinka are supposed to have been buried in mass graves, but dug up in 1943 and cremated without a trace under the open sky. The Israeli "specialist" Y. Arad reported (20).
"The men responsible for the cremations noted immediately that the bodies burnt well, even without additional fuel."
This method is supposed to have been developed by a technically ingenious SS man by the name of Herbert Floss, who is said to have discovered that old bodies of fat women burnt best. He then used these ideally combustible cadavers as fuel for the others (21). It is unfortunate that this efficient method of corpse destruction has not yet been discovered by the inhabitants of the Indian sub-continent, who have chopped down a large part of their forests just to burn corpses. Perhaps the reason for it is that bodies only burn by themselves under the SS system of hatred and violence; under "free-democratic" conditions, they just won't burn by themselves, due to their high water content (over 60%).
According to documentation drawn up during the war by Jewish groups, there were 10 gas chambers in Treblinka, which could hold a total of 6,000 men at a time. The path to these death chambers was surrounded by hedges and only 1.5 m wide (22), which means, that only two men could march side by side. Assuming an interval of half a metre between every person marching and the person in front, this would mean a line of people waiting 2 kilometres long! According to Adelbert Rueckerl, the former director of the Ludwigsburg Central Office for the Prosecution of NS Crimes, there were only 35 to 40 SS men employed at Treblinka (23), which means that each SS man was responsible for at least 150 Jews! Fortunately, the Jews proved unusually cooperative; instead of running away or overpowering the pair of SS men, they marched, according to a witness at the Dusseldorf Treblinka Trial, "naked and meekly into the gas chamber" (24).
During the Jerusalem trial against John Demjanjuk, Treblinka returned to the spotlight of the world's attention. Demjanjuk, a US citizen of Ukranian-origin and automobile worker, was extradited from the United States in violation of all democratic procedures to Israel, where he was hauled before the court as "Ivan the Terrible", murderer of hundreds of thousands at Treblinka. Five Jewish "eyewitnesses" swore they had seen him pushing Jews into the gas chambers after cutting off their ears, cutting women's breasts off with a sword, and cutting open the stomachs of pregnant women with a sword. Demjanjuk was first sentenced to death, but was acquitted on appeal for lack of proof, and released in September 1993; once again proving the "credibility" of such eyewitnesses (25).
The scientific studies
a) Friedrich Paul Berg's study of the murder weapon
The alleged murder weapon in the four pure extermination camps, the Diesel motor, has been studied chiefly by the German-American engineer Friedrich Paul Berg (26). Berg clearly shows the technical absurdity of the Diesel motor legend:
It is, of course, not impossible, as some revisionists have erroneously reported, to kill people with Diesel exhaust, but it is tedious and considerably inefficient, because these exhaust gases are very poorly suited as murder weapons due to their high oxygen and very low carbon monoxide content. While a gasoline motor can easily produce exhaust with a carbon monoxide content of seven percent or more, a Diesel motor cannot even produce a carbon monoxide concentration of one percent, even if the motor is incorrectly adjusted to increase the carbon monoxide content. Ironically, the introduction of Diesel exhaust gases into a chamber cram-packed with people would only prolong the death struggle of the victims, since these gases contain an oxygen content of approximately 16%, which is sufficient for survival. Instead of introducing the exhaust gas, the executioners could have simply allowed them to suffocate. In any case, all the available oxygen would have been breathed up before the carbon monoxide took effect!
Any gasoline motor, not to mention the gas generators already mentioned elsewhere, would have been incomparably more efficient as a murder weapon than a Diesel.
Exactly like the Zyklon B story, the Diesel story was quite obviously invented by technical morons -- to the detriment of the exterminationists, since the Diesel motor story is in the history books, and there's no way to make it disappear.
b) Arnulf Neumaier's study of the cremations
The manner in whch the bodies at Treblinka were allegedly disposed of has been studied in detail by the certified engineer Arnulf Neumaier (27). Neumaier assumes 875,000 bodies, the figure given at the Demjanjuk Trial. For Belzec and Sobibor, where the cremations are supposed to have taken place on the same model, the number of victims mentioned in the following must be reduced correspondingly.
To burn 875,000 bodies in the open would have required at least 200 kg wood per corpse, i.e., a total of 195,000 tons. This is equivalent to a forest 6.4 km long and 1 km wide. The cremation actions, which are supposed to have lasted from early March until late August 1943, would have required 2,800 wood cutters per day, assuming that it takes one man to cut down one tree, cut the branches off, and saw it up. According to Holocaust literature, there were only 500 "working Jews" in total at the camp, only 25 of whom, according to a Holocaust survivor named Richard Glazar, were on wood-cutting detail, i.e., less than 1 1/2% of the number required. Deforested terrain of the corresponding size does not, and did not, exist in the vicinity of Treblinka; the transport of 195,000 tons of wood to the camp would certainly have been noted in the records of the Reichsbahn, if the wood had been brought from someplace else.
Further, the 875,000 bodies would have left 2,900 tons of ashes in addition to 1,000 tons of wood ash. These ashes would have contained millions of unburnt pieces of bone, in addition to 20 to 30 million teeth -- even if we assume that each of the 875,000 victims lacked one tooth on average. If the Soviets and the Poles had found only a fraction of these ashes, bones, and teeth, they would have drummed an international commission together with a huge blare of propaganda, and the entire world would have been presented with the proof of German bestiality. So why didn't they?
What were the "pure extermination camps" in reality?
Quite undisputedly, hundreds of thousands of Jews were deported to Treblinka after the defeat of the revolt in the Warsaw Ghetto revolt alone. What kind of camp was Treblinka?
Revisionists assume that it was a transit camp. It couldn't have been an extermination camp in which the arriving Jews were gassed and burned, because of the technical impossibility of mass gassings with carbon monoxide and cremations using the methods described, quite apart from the fact that the "eyewitness testimony" as to the properties of the camp are not in accordance with the air photos. Nor was it a work camp, since it was much too small to hold to these masses of people. (We are speaking here of the "extermination camp", also called Treblinka 2. Hardly three kilometers away lay so-called Treblinka 1, which was quite undisputedly a work camp, and has never played any role in the holocaust literature.)
The transit camp theory is also supported by the fact that Jews are known to have been deported from Treblinka to other camps. Holocaust literature even mentions Jews who were transferred from Treblinka to Majdanek (29). Why all these unnecessary transports from one "extermination camp" to another?
Presumably, Treblinka served as a transit camp on the way to settlements located further east in the Baltic and White Russia); the existence of these settlements is admited even by authors like Reitlinger and Hilberg.
In our view, Sobibor and Belzec were transit camps, too; this is supported, among other things, by their location in the outermost east of the General Gouvernement. A clue to this possibility, with regards to Belzec, is furnished by a German document dated 17 March 1942, stating that the Jews "were sent over the border and were not to come back" (30).
Chelmno was presumably a transit camp, too, and was located in the Warthegau; according to the Korherr report, many Jews were transferred from this area to the Eastern regions.
Did the Germans destroy the documents relating to these camps, as stated in Holocaust literature? We cannot exclude this possibility. But if so, why did they carelessly leave all the documentation from Auschwitz and Majdanek just lying around to be captured? It seems much more probable to us that the documents were either destroyed by the Soviets or the Poles, or that they were stored in a safe place because they contradicted the extermination legend. Some interesting revelations may be expected over the coming years.
1) The first number is named by Lucy Dawidowicz (p. 191) and the second by Raul Hilberg (p. 956).
2) Reitlinger, p. 512.
3) Wolfgang Benz, (publisher), Dimension des Voelkermords, R. Oldenburg, 1991, p. 470.
4) Rudof In Gauss, Grundlagen... p. 276 ff.
5) Claude Lanzmann, Shoa, dtv, 1988, p. 17.
6) Wolfgang Scheffler, Judenverfolgung im Dritten Reich, Colloquium, 1964, p. 40.
7) Hilberg, p. 956.
8) Nuremberg document NO-482.
9) Alexander Pechersky, La rivolta di Sobibor, in Yuri Suhl, Ed essi si ribellarono, Milan, 1969, p. 31.
11) Leon Poliakov, Breviare de la Haine, Editions complexe, Paris, 1986, p. 224.
12) Hilberg, p. 941.
13) Enzyklopaedie des Holocaust, p. 1496.
14) Compare, in this regard, the comments on Belzec in the next chapter (Six Million Miracles).
15) Reder's book Belzec (Krakau, 1946) was summarized in Carlo Mattogno in Il rapporto Gerstein. Anatomia di un falso (Sentinella d'Italia, 1985, p. 129 ff).
16) Compare, in this regard, our book Der Holocaust auf dem Prufstand, 1992, p. 47, ff.
17) On the Demjanjuk trial, see Rullmann.
18) Vassili Grossmann, Die Hoelle von Treblinka, Verlag fuer fremdsprachige Literatur, Moscow, 1946, excerpts quoted in number 44 of Historische Tatsachen.,
19) Arnulf Neumaier in Gauss, Grundlagen... op. cit.
20) Yitzhak Arad, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka. The Operation Reinhard Death Camps, University Press, Bloomington USA, 1987, p. 174.
21) Jean-Francois Steiner, Treblinka, Die Revolte eines Vernichtungslagers, Gerhard Stalling Verlag, 1966, p. 294 ff.
22) See, in this regard, Neumaier in Gauss, Grundlagen...
23) Adalbert Rueckerl, Nationalsoczialistische Vernichtungslager im Spiegel deutscher Strafprozesse, dtv, 1977, p. 206.
24) FAZ, 2 April 1965.
25) Hans Peter Rullmann, Der Fall Demjanjuk, Verlag fuer ganzheitliche Forschung und Kultur, Vioel, 1987.
26) Friedrich Paul Berg in Gauss, Grundlagen...
27) See note 22.
28) Richard Glazar, Die Falle mit dem gruenen Zaun, Fischer, 1992, p. 126.
29) Alexander Donat (publisher), The Death Camp Treblinka, Holocaust Library, New York, 1979, p. 24.
30) Reuter-Memorandum of 17 March 1942, published by Helmut Schwege, Kennzeichen J, Berlin (Ost), 1966, p. 243.
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