Enrique Aynat : Les « Protocoles d’Auschwitz » sont-ils une source historique digne de foi ?
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Document OSS 61701, Record Group 226
National Archives, Washington
(Document NA 2)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES
SUBJECT Concentration Camps
SOURCE London Office
SUB SOURCE Reliable Belgian
DATE OF ORIGIN 27 September, 1943
PLACE OF ORIGIN England Tr/IEC
DISSEMINATION NO. A-21547 SR-32
NUMBER OF PAGES 2
DISTRIBUTED March 9, 1944
CONFIRMATION OF }
SUPPLEMENTARY TO } DISSEMINATION NO.
The Polish underground movement has succeeded in verifying the existence of more than a hundred concentration camps established by the German Administration in Polish territory. Among them are camps especially reserved for young people. Some are called « Correctional Camps », others « Educational Institutions ». The young people are interned from the age of twelve years, and are brought up to become Germans.
There are certain Polish counties where the number of camps is so great that they are now designated as « Camp Districts ». Of the latter the principal ones are : Augustow, Dzialdowo, Inowroclaw, Konstantynow near Lodz, Majdanek near Lublin, and Myslowice in Silesia which includes an important women’s section at Sosnowiec, and Tarnow.
At other camps, internees are sentenced for an indefinite period and often remain there until they die. Cases of liberation are exceedingly rare, but the mortality rate is very high. The prisoners are often transported from Poland to the Reich.
The underground movement has knowledge of twenty-four camps where the conditions are particularly severe. They are the following : Augustow II, Ciechanow, Dobrzyn, Dyle near Bilgoraj, Czialdowo II, Drieaiata near Lublin, Grudziadz, Jaslo, Koldyczewo near Baranowiecze, Lodz, Majdanek II, Nasielsk, Discim, Pelkinia, Plonsk, Potulice I near Naklo, Ponechowek I, Sierpe, Sosnowiec II, Tarnow II, Tremblinka I, Trawniki near Lublin, a camp near Wloclawok and a camp near Chelm. The largest and oldest camp is the one at Oswiecim.
A large number of Poles have been sent to the following German concentration camps : Buchenwald, Dachau, Flossenburg, Gross-Rosen near Wroclaw (Breslau), Gusen, Hamburg, Hohenbruck, Labiawa in East Prussia, Mathansen Orinienburg, Ravensbruck, Stuttof near Gdansk (Danzig), Saxenhausen near Berlin.
During the period of the mass deportations of the rural population, large forced-labor concentration camps, such as Potulice II, Starogard I, Tremblinka II were created. In addition to those, there are smaller camps under the absolute jurisdiction of the district chiefs. The treatment meted out to the prisoners here is particularly inhuman.
In general, priests have been sent to ordinary concentration camps, but there are also three special ones for the clergy. In Germany there are camps especially reserved for Polish priests.
Almost every camp includes a women’s section. In the Bojanow and Konstantynow camps, there are special sections for nuns. Polish women have been deported in large numbers to Germany.
The special camps for Jews which were built at the time of the « purge » were more precisely execution camps.* The Jews of the Polish ghettos, as well as Jews from the different countries of Europe were brought here. They did not remain alive long.
The three best known « death camps » are Betzec, Sobibor, and Tremblinka III near Malkinia. These camps are for immediate executions. At the others like Starogard II, Potulice III, Trawniki and Pomiechowek II the Germans have been content to let the prisoners die as a result of maltreatment or forced labors beyond human endurance.
Near Helenow, there is a so-called camp « for the improvement of the race » which is cloaked in mystery and under heavy guard.**
Besides youth camps, there are also children’s camps for children from six years of age. Each child undergoes a medical examination on entering. Those who are considered too weak physically or unfit to be Teutonized are shipped back to the communal authorities. After a period of several months, the strong and sound children are sent to Germany.
* These are probably work-camps.
** According to Polish reports, Polish girls and German boys were brought together in the camp for the purpose of producing children to be trained in Germany.
Source: Akribeia, n° 3, octobre 1998, p. 5-208
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